American Journal of Life Sciences

Volume 9, Issue 5, October 2021

  • Genetic Variation, Heritability and Genetic Advance Among Semi-Dwarf Tef [Eragrostis tef (Zucc.) Trotter] Recombinant Inbred Lines with Emphasis to Lodging

    Getahun Bekana, Kebebew Assefa

    Issue: Volume 9, Issue 5, October 2021
    Pages: 92-104
    Received: Aug. 21, 2021
    Accepted: Sep. 03, 2021
    Published: Sep. 11, 2021
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    Abstract: Tef is the foremost cereal crop largely produced and consumed mostly in Ethiopia. It is grown on more than 3.1 million hectares annually. However, it’s productivity relatively low (1.85 t/ha). On the other hand, it gained recently global popularity “Super grain” as healthy and performance food due to its gluten free especially for celiac disease, d... Show More
  • Physiological State Can Help Predict the Perceived Emotion of Music: Evidence from ECG and EDA Signals

    Liang Xu, Jie Wang, Xin Wen, Zaoyi Sun, Rui Sun, Liuchang Xu, Xiuying Qian

    Issue: Volume 9, Issue 5, October 2021
    Pages: 105-119
    Received: Aug. 12, 2021
    Accepted: Sep. 11, 2021
    Published: Sep. 23, 2021
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    Abstract: As the soul of music, emotion information is widely used in music retrieval and recommendation systems because the pursuit of emotional experience is the main motivation for music listening. In the field of music emotion recognition, computer scientists investigated computation models to automatically detect the perceived emotion of music, but this... Show More
  • Alcohol Drinking Habits and Its Leading Factors of Undergraduate Students: Using Cross-Sectional Study Design

    Solomon Abebaw Andargie, Assaye Belay Gelaw

    Issue: Volume 9, Issue 5, October 2021
    Pages: 120-126
    Received: Jul. 26, 2021
    Accepted: Aug. 05, 2021
    Published: Sep. 26, 2021
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    Abstract: Alcohol-related leading factors are prevalent, and the important public health problem. Alcohol has represented the issue of the global burden of disease. Alcohol consumption requires a consideration of the amount of alcohol consumed and drinking habits. Thus, the primary objective of this study was to determine the leading factor of the alcohol dr... Show More
  • The Effect of Masks and Travel with the Simulation of COVID-19 Pandemic

    Wooseung Oh, Jana Choe, Yuna Jang

    Issue: Volume 9, Issue 5, October 2021
    Pages: 127-133
    Received: Sep. 16, 2021
    Accepted: Oct. 09, 2021
    Published: Oct. 16, 2021
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    Abstract: COVID-19 is a new type of infectious respiratory disease that has affected our lives enormously. Many restrictions have been enforced hoping to slow down the spread of the pandemic. Social distancing campaigns have been encouraged, masks have become mandatory and travel has been banned. Understanding the virus is vital in order to find a solution t... Show More
  • Correlation Analysis of Serum Magnesium Concentration and Lipids in Health Population and Type 2 Diabetes Patients

    Han Tuo, Gong Hong, Mehreen Fatima, Li Ying, Fan Yajie, Song Wei, Yao Zhihui, Wang Qian, Wang Congxia

    Issue: Volume 9, Issue 5, October 2021
    Pages: 134-140
    Received: Oct. 04, 2021
    Accepted: Oct. 30, 2021
    Published: Nov. 05, 2021
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    Abstract: Background: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the lead cause of death around the world. Dyslipidemia is strongly associated with CVD. Magnesium (Mg) is an essential trace element involved in many vital biological process, such as glucose and lipid metabolism. Previous studies have showed that hypomagnesemia or Mg deficiency is associated with an incr... Show More
  • The Efficacy and Safety of OnabotulinumtoxinA with Different Dosages for the Treatment of Overactive Bladder Syndrome: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

    Lijun Mu, Enxu Xie, Xinwei Zhang, Juanhua Tian, Meiyu Wang, Dapeng Wu, Yuefeng Du

    Issue: Volume 9, Issue 5, October 2021
    Pages: 141-148
    Received: Oct. 06, 2021
    Accepted: Oct. 30, 2021
    Published: Nov. 05, 2021
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    Abstract: OnabotulinumtoxinA therapy has become widely used in overactive bladder syndrome (OAB), and many relevant articles have been published, however, there is no consensus regarding the clinical effect of onabotulinumtoxinA with the different dosages. Therefore, we conducted this meta-analysis to assess the efficacy and safety of 100 U, 200 U and 300 U ... Show More
  • Effects of Adding Dietary Fiber on the Gut Microbiota, Short-Chain Fatty Acids and Metabolism of Layer Chickens

    Baosheng Sun, Linyue Hou, Yu Yang

    Issue: Volume 9, Issue 5, October 2021
    Pages: 149-156
    Received: Sep. 30, 2021
    Accepted: Oct. 30, 2021
    Published: Nov. 05, 2021
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    Abstract: Dietary fiber is important for the growth performance and health of chickens. However, chickens must rely on fiber-degrading bacteria to grade fiber into monosaccharides due to a lack of endogenous fiber-degrading enzymes. Some of monosaccharides are then fermented into short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) by SCFA-producing bacteria. SCFAs further regul... Show More