American Journal of Life Sciences

Volume 3, Issue 4, August 2015

  • Corrosive Lesions at Concrete Infrastructures as Promising Source for Isolating Bioactive Actinobacteria

    Rabab Omran

    Issue: Volume 3, Issue 4, August 2015
    Pages: 247-256
    Received: May 25, 2015
    Accepted: Jun. 01, 2015
    Published: Jun. 17, 2015
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    Abstract: The aim of this paper is isolating rare actinobacteria from new ecological source as corrosive lesion at concrete infrastructure and screening their ability to produce biological products. Ten pure actinobacteria isolates were isolated from corrosive lesions at concrete infrastructures of irrigation channel using cement extract media at different p... Show More
  • Biochemical Changes of Glutathione S-Transferase Activity During the Germination of Trifolium alexandrinum

    Ragaa Reda Hamed, Ehab Mostafa Mohamed Ali, Abeer Shokeer, Rasha Awni Guneidy, Abdul Aziz Mohamad Gad

    Issue: Volume 3, Issue 4, August 2015
    Pages: 257-267
    Received: May 16, 2015
    Accepted: Jun. 01, 2015
    Published: Jun. 19, 2015
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    Abstract: The key objective of this study was to investigate the effect of germination on biochemical and enzymatic antioxidant activities of Trifolium alexandrinum seeds. The T. alexandrinum was chosen for GST purification and characterization due to its highest GST activity and antioxidant capacity, beside its economical importance. Seeds of T. alexandrinu... Show More
  • Bioinformatics Analysis of the Structure and Function of CG17196 Protein of Drosophila Melanogaster

    Hongchao Liu, Xianming Zou, Yiming Wang, Xuanlong Du, Qian Wang, Junbao Xie, Xinming Tu

    Issue: Volume 3, Issue 4, August 2015
    Pages: 268-273
    Received: May 25, 2015
    Accepted: Jun. 06, 2015
    Published: Jul. 01, 2015
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    Abstract: Recent studies have suggested that chimeric genes may account for the formation and evolution of new genes and functional divergence. However, the biological function of the new chimeric gene CG17196 of Drosophila melanogaster remains unknown, therefore, this study aims to analyze the structure and function of CG17196 protein using bioinformatics m... Show More
  • Nutritional Analysis of Date Fruits (Phoenix dactylifera L.) in Perspective of Bangladesh

    Sultana Parvin, Dilruba Easmin, Afzal Sheikh, Mrityunjoy Biswas, Subed Chandra Dev Sharma, Md. Golam Sarowar Jahan, Md Amirul Islam, Narayan Roy, Mohammad Shariar Shovon

    Issue: Volume 3, Issue 4, August 2015
    Pages: 274-278
    Received: Jun. 13, 2015
    Accepted: Jun. 19, 2015
    Published: Jul. 03, 2015
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    Abstract: Present study reveals a thorough investigation of nutritional values of three different varieties (Trounja, Lagou, Gounda) of Tunisian dates available in Bangladeshi local markets. Moisture and total solids were (13.2-14.1%) and (85.9-86.8%), respectively. Ash and crude fibers contents were (2.13-2.18%) and (6.05-6.9%), respectively. The dates were... Show More
  • Germination in Vitro of Brassicaceae (Sinapis arvensis L.) in the Northern Region of Tlemcen (Algeria)

    Benabadji Noury, Belkhodja Amal Nesrine, Abdeljalil Anissa

    Issue: Volume 3, Issue 4, August 2015
    Pages: 279-289
    Received: Jun. 03, 2015
    Accepted: Jun. 17, 2015
    Published: Jul. 04, 2015
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    Abstract: This ecophysiological study was conducted on a species (Sinapis arvensis L.) widespread in nature in Algeria particularly in the province of Tlemcen. This plant, even if it is undesirable in crop fields, can be useful in maintaining the biodiversity of the plant world. The goal set in this study was to treat the micro-propagation and germination of... Show More
  • Attractant Role of Bacterial Bioluminescence of Photorhabdusluminescenson a Galleria mellonella Model

    Walter Patterson, Devang Upadhyay, Sivanadane Mandjiny, Rebecca Bullard-Dillard, Meredith Storms, Michael Menefee, Leonard D. Holmes

    Issue: Volume 3, Issue 4, August 2015
    Pages: 290-294
    Received: Jun. 16, 2015
    Accepted: Jun. 25, 2015
    Published: Jul. 08, 2015
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    Abstract: Though the intricate relationship between the entomopathogenic nematode Heterorhabditis bacteriophora and its symbiotic bacterial counterpart Photorhabdus luminescensis generally known; the role of bioluminescence produced by the bacterial symbiont is yet to be identified. The objective of this study was to determine if bacterial luminosity plays a... Show More
  • Serum Metabolomics Reveals Cholic Acid, Chenodeoxycholic Acid, and Taurochenodeoxycholic Acid as Potential Biomarkers for Hypothyroid Rats

    Hidenori Nagao, Masanori Suzuki, Hironori Aoki, Kouichi Minato

    Issue: Volume 3, Issue 4, August 2015
    Pages: 295-305
    Received: Jun. 07, 2015
    Accepted: Jun. 21, 2015
    Published: Jul. 08, 2015
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    Abstract: Hypothyroidism decreases energy metabolism including carbohydrate and lipid metabolism and protein synthesis, due to reduced serum levels of the thyroid hormones thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3). Although many endogenous serum metabolites are influenced by hypothyroidism, serum metabolomic profiling has rarely been applied to the study of h... Show More
  • Response of Potus Plants (Epipremnum Aureum) to Irrigation with Drainage Water of Ornamental Fish Basins and Magnesium Sulphate as Foliar Fertilizer

    Sami A. Metwally, Abdelraouf R. E., Abou-Leila B. H.

    Issue: Volume 3, Issue 4, August 2015
    Pages: 306-310
    Received: May 30, 2015
    Accepted: Jun. 12, 2015
    Published: Jul. 14, 2015
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    Abstract: This study was carried out at the laboratory of National Research Centre, Egypt during two successive seasons on 2012 and 2013 to study the response of potus plants ( Epipremnum Aureum) irrigated by drainage water of ornamental fish basins diluted with tap water (DWOFB) at the concentrations 100% DWOFB, 75% DWOFB + 25% Tap water and 50% DWOFB + 50%... Show More
  • Intestinal Secretion and Barrier Function; Implication with Muscarinic Cholinoceptor

    Md. Rafiqul Islam Khan, Takashi Yazawa, Junsuke Uwada, Abu Syed Md. Anisuzzaman, Takanobu Taniguchi

    Issue: Volume 3, Issue 4, August 2015
    Pages: 311-315
    Received: Jun. 15, 2015
    Accepted: Jul. 11, 2015
    Published: Jul. 18, 2015
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    Abstract: Two most important physiological functions of intestinal epithelial cells (IECs) are intestinal secretion and barrier function in order to protect the host from invasive microorganisms. Acetylcholine (ACh) is regarded as a central molecule for the regulation of these gut functions. Although, ACh is considered as a classical neurotransmitter, numero... Show More
  • Assessing the Effects of Aquatic Vegetation Composition on Waterbird Distribution and Richness in Natural Freshwater Lake of Malaysia

    Abdoul Baset Hassen-Aboushiba

    Issue: Volume 3, Issue 4, August 2015
    Pages: 316-321
    Received: Jun. 29, 2015
    Accepted: Jul. 13, 2015
    Published: Jul. 30, 2015
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    Abstract: Aquatic vegetation structure and composition is a major driven factor which plays a significant role in waterbird foraging sites and habitat selection. Assessing the effects of aquatic vegetation composition on the distribution and richness of waterbird in a freshwater lake is a useful tool to understand the habitat requirement and preference of wa... Show More
  • Darwin Misunderstood

    Arie Nicolaas Van Den Berg

    Issue: Volume 3, Issue 4, August 2015
    Pages: 322-331
    Received: Jul. 08, 2015
    Accepted: Jul. 14, 2015
    Published: Aug. 05, 2015
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    Abstract: Darwin did not specify: “Species”. Darwin did not know the difference between “Phenotypic and Genotypic features”. “Natural Selection” cannot produce new species. Spontaneous mutations do not exist. Mutants have no offspring. Darwin did not make tests to confirm his theory. Evolution, with natural selection, is neither about the Origin of Life, nor... Show More
  • Nutritional Status of Preschoolers in Four Selected Fisher Communities

    Md. Abdul Hakim, Md. Kamruzzaman

    Issue: Volume 3, Issue 4, August 2015
    Pages: 332-336
    Received: Jul. 04, 2015
    Accepted: Jul. 23, 2015
    Published: Aug. 12, 2015
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    Abstract: The current study was conducted in the four selected fisher communities in Bangladesh. The communities were at random to take part the Satkhira, Patuakhali, Mymensingh and Tangail districts fisher communities. There were sorted 46% (n=54) girls and 55% (n=66) boys from the communities by using simple random sampling method to carry on the study. Re... Show More