American Journal of Life Sciences

Volume 9, Issue 4, August 2021

  • Evaluation of Ethiopian Bread Wheat Cultivars for Slow Rusting Resistance to Yellow Rust (Puccinia striiformis f.s Tritici)

    Alemu Ayele Zerihun

    Issue: Volume 9, Issue 4, August 2021
    Pages: 60-66
    Received: 18 May 2021
    Accepted: 5 July 2021
    Published: 13 July 2021
    Abstract: Wheat stripe rust (Puccinia striiformis f.s. tritici) is the greatest vicious rust disease in wheat-growing areas of Ethiopia. The cultivating of cultivars with polygenic gene resistance is the most efficient way of monitoring the disease. Field experiments were carried out at Kulumsa Agricultural Research Center main station and, Meraro and Bekoji... Show More
  • Biomass Mass Production and Partitioning in Seedling of Harerghe Coffee Genotypes Under Deficit Irrigation at Jimma, Southwest Ethiopia

    Minda Tadesse

    Issue: Volume 9, Issue 4, August 2021
    Pages: 67-72
    Received: 9 May 2021
    Accepted: 9 July 2021
    Published: 15 July 2021
    Abstract: In Ethiopia, the coffee production is highly constrained by drought. To overcome such problem, knowing the behavior of coffee genotype’s biomass accumulation pattern to different parts under contrasting moisture stress is important in selection of drought tolerant genotypes. Therefore, the objectives of the present study were to evaluate and charac... Show More
  • Determinants Choices of Drought Coping Strategies Among Boorana Pastoral Communities: The Case of Yabello Woreda, Oromiya Region, Southern Ethiopia

    Gelgelo Wako Duba, Solomon Tekalign, Tegegne Sishaw

    Issue: Volume 9, Issue 4, August 2021
    Pages: 73-80
    Received: 11 May 2021
    Accepted: 22 July 2021
    Published: 19 August 2021
    Abstract: Drought affects all pastoral and agro pastoral communities of the world, whose their livelihood is depend on rain water. It is one of the major constraints to sustainable livelihood of these communities in the arid and semi-arid areas. However, pastorals are using different coping strategies toward its impacts even though their choices are affected... Show More
  • Current State and Development of Micro Propagation of Selected High Value Crops in Ethiopia: A Review

    Habtamu Seyoum, Ashenafi Ayano, Berihu Menges

    Issue: Volume 9, Issue 4, August 2021
    Pages: 81-91
    Received: 22 July 2021
    Accepted: 6 August 2021
    Published: 24 August 2021
    Abstract: Rapid and mass propagation of clean and quality seedlings in horticulture industry becomes a priority for many countries to supply increasing demand of planting materials. Attempt of exploiting the benefit of heterosis from F1 hybrid and overcoming the shortage of planting materials associated with it needs proper intervention. Tissue culture techn... Show More