American Journal of Life Sciences

Volume 8, Issue 5, October 2020

  • Detection of Seed Borne Fungi Associated with Some Cereals and Legume Crops of Seeds Grown in Main Season at Holetta Agricultural Research Center

    Asela Kesho, Worku Abebe

    Issue: Volume 8, Issue 5, October 2020
    Pages: 91-95
    Received: Feb. 11, 2020
    Accepted: Feb. 25, 2020
    Published: Aug. 25, 2020
    Downloads:
    Views:
    Abstract: Fungi are a major cause of postharvest deterioration of cereals and legumes. The current work was carried out using sixteen samples of eight crops wheat, barley, Teff, oat, lentil, fababean, mungbean and chickpea samples were collected to investigate the presence and incidence of seed borne fungi associated with them using PDA media. Results of the... Show More
  • Effects of Moringa oleifera Aqueous Leaf Extract on Some Serum-biochemical Constituents on Wister Rats

    Ibrahim Maina Hassan, Bashir Saidu, Ja’afaru Abdullahi Ishaq, Ashiru Dahiru, Nafisat Abdulazeez, Halima Ibrahim Yusuf, Jubril Saidu Fatima, Yushau Shuaibu Baraya, Adamu Abdul Abubakar, Adama Musa Abdullahi

    Issue: Volume 8, Issue 5, October 2020
    Pages: 96-101
    Received: Apr. 02, 2020
    Accepted: May 18, 2020
    Published: Aug. 27, 2020
    Downloads:
    Views:
    Abstract: Medicinal plants have been used in healthcare since time immemorial. Studies have been carried out globally to verify their efficacy and some of the findings have led to the production of plant-based medicines. The global market value of medicinal plant products exceeds $100 billion per annum. This study was conducted to know the effect of Moringa ... Show More
  • Major Achievements of Plant Biotechnology in Crop Improvements

    Birhanu Babiye, Girma Haile, Mulugeta Adamu

    Issue: Volume 8, Issue 5, October 2020
    Pages: 102-106
    Received: Feb. 19, 2020
    Accepted: Mar. 10, 2020
    Published: Aug. 27, 2020
    Downloads:
    Views:
    Abstract: Biotechnology is any technological application that uses biological systems, living organisms, or derivatives thereof, to make or modify products or processes for a specific use. Agricultural biotechnology is the area of biotechnology involving applications to agriculture. Based on an understanding of DNA, scientists have developed solutions to inc... Show More
  • Assessment of Factors Affecting Vaccine Cold Chain Management Practice in Bahir Dar City Health Institutions, 2019

    Sileshi Mulatu, Getasew Tesfa, Habitamu Dinku

    Issue: Volume 8, Issue 5, October 2020
    Pages: 107-113
    Received: May 03, 2020
    Accepted: Jun. 03, 2020
    Published: Aug. 27, 2020
    Downloads:
    Views:
    Abstract: Background: Vaccines are the only essential commodities that required their own specific supply chain system with storage of 2°C to 8°C. It is critical that they should be kept at appropriate temperatures during transit and storage. Objective: The purpose of this study was to assess vaccines’ cold chain management practice at public health faciliti... Show More
  • Training Need Assessment Among Health Care Providers in Public Health Facilities of Benishangul Regional State, North West Ethiopia, 2018

    Lemessa Jira, Nigatu Weyessa, Sileshi Mulatu, Tamiru Bogale

    Issue: Volume 8, Issue 5, October 2020
    Pages: 114-120
    Received: May 08, 2020
    Accepted: May 22, 2020
    Published: Aug. 27, 2020
    Downloads:
    Views:
    Abstract: Background: Continuing education is crucial for quality improvement in health care. The needs assessment of CE helps to ensure effectiveness. However, such an assessment necessitates certain techniques that are unfamiliar to health care communities in developing countries. This study identifies the needs of providing training to health care provide... Show More
  • Microbial Protein Production from Agro-industrial Wastes as Food and Feed

    Tirsit Tibebu Bogale

    Issue: Volume 8, Issue 5, October 2020
    Pages: 121-126
    Received: Mar. 04, 2020
    Accepted: Mar. 31, 2020
    Published: Sep. 03, 2020
    Downloads:
    Views:
    Abstract: Microbial protein refers to dead, dry microbial cells or total proteins extracted from pure microbial cell culture and is produced using a number of different microorganisms including bacteria, yeasts, filamentous fungi, and algae, which are used as protein supplement in human foods or animal feeds. It can also be called single cell protein, bio pr... Show More
  • Yield Losses in Wheat Caused by Stripe Rust (Puccinia striiformis) in Egypt

    Atef Shahin, Mamdouh Ashmawy, Walid El-Orabey, Samar Esmail

    Issue: Volume 8, Issue 5, October 2020
    Pages: 127-134
    Received: May 09, 2020
    Accepted: May 28, 2020
    Published: Sep. 03, 2020
    Downloads:
    Views:
    Abstract: The production loss in eight local wheat cultivars was estimated under yellow rust disease pressure at four locations of northern Egypt during 2017/2018 and 2018/19 growing seasons. Considerable disease pressure, as revealed by final rust severity (%), was observed at all locations with a maximum value (100%) in northern Egypt. The tested wheat cul... Show More
  • Maternal Mortality in Nigeria: Trend, Triggers and Implications for Sustainable Development

    Abayomi Muftau Adesina, Adegboyega Adegboye

    Issue: Volume 8, Issue 5, October 2020
    Pages: 135-143
    Received: Oct. 23, 2019
    Accepted: Nov. 20, 2019
    Published: Sep. 03, 2020
    Downloads:
    Views:
    Abstract: Sustainable development has been a major aspiration of many developing countries, including Nigeria. However, the incidence of maternal mortality in the country has elicited serious concerns from all stake holders. This paper attempts to examine the incidence of maternal mortality in Nigeria, its trend and triggers with a view to appraising its imp... Show More
  • Combined Effects of Temperature and Salinity on the Growth and Pulsation of Moon Jellyfish (Aurelia coerulea) Ephyrae

    Zhilu Fu, Jie Li, Jiale Wang, Junxiang Lai, Yin Liu, Ming Sun

    Issue: Volume 8, Issue 5, October 2020
    Pages: 144-151
    Received: Aug. 08, 2020
    Accepted: Aug. 20, 2020
    Published: Sep. 14, 2020
    Downloads:
    Views:
    Abstract: Blooms of the scyphozoan jellyfish Aurelia coerulea have caused serious problems for the fishing industry and the power plants in the coastal waters of China. The population size of adult medusae is strongly influenced by their ability to survive the ephyra stage. In this study, the growth and pulsation of A. coerulea ephyrae from the northern Yell... Show More
  • On-Farm Evaluation and Demonstration of Different Feeding Technological Options for Beef Cattle Fattening in Adami Tulu Jidokombolcha District of East Shoa Zone

    Aman Gudeto, Mieso Guru, Tesfaye Alemu Tucho, Ashebir Worku, Genet Dadi, Frehiwot Mesele, Girma Debele

    Issue: Volume 8, Issue 5, October 2020
    Pages: 152-156
    Received: Nov. 27, 2019
    Accepted: Dec. 24, 2019
    Published: Sep. 17, 2020
    Downloads:
    Views:
    Abstract: Evaluation and demonstration study was conducted at Gerbi kebele of Adami Tulu Jidokombolcha district on two-two and three year age old Borana bulls with the objectives of evaluation and demonstration of bulls fattening technologies at on-farm level. One farmer’s research extension group (FREG) was formed for fattening the bulls. Twenty bulls were ... Show More
  • Hamadryas Baboon (Papio hamadryas hamadryas) Population Size and Their Distribution in Community Forest in Gasera District of Bale Zone, Southeast Ethiopia

    Ahmed Abdela

    Issue: Volume 8, Issue 5, October 2020
    Pages: 157-164
    Received: Oct. 24, 2019
    Accepted: Apr. 29, 2020
    Published: Sep. 24, 2020
    Downloads:
    Views:
    Abstract: The study on population size and distribution was carried out in community forest in the Gasera district of Bale zone south east of Ethiopia from February 2017 to January 2018. Hamadryas baboon population size and distribution has never been studied and determined by Gasera district. Therefore, this study was conducted to assess Hmadryas baboon (Pa... Show More
  • Genotype x Environment Interaction and AMMI Analysis of Oil Yield Sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) Genotypes in Northern Ethiopia

    Yirga Belay Kindeya, Firew Mekbib, Eyasu Abraha Alle

    Issue: Volume 8, Issue 5, October 2020
    Pages: 165-171
    Received: Mar. 11, 2020
    Accepted: Apr. 03, 2020
    Published: Sep. 28, 2020
    Downloads:
    Views:
    Abstract: The study was conducted to evaluate the nature and magnitude of Genotype x Environment Interaction (GEI) for oil yield of sesame genotypes and to identify stable and promising genotypes for general and specific adaptations across sesame growing areas of northern Ethiopia: Humera, Dansha, Maykadra, Sheraro, Wargiba and Gendawuha. Randomized Complete... Show More
  • Farmers' Knowledge, Perceptions and Management of Black Sigatoka in Small Plantain-Based Farms in Southern Benin

    Fanou Alain Ahohouendo, Codjo Euloge Togbe, Finagnon Robert Agbovoedo, Bonaventure Cohovi Ahohuendo

    Issue: Volume 8, Issue 5, October 2020
    Pages: 172-182
    Received: Sep. 03, 2020
    Accepted: Sep. 22, 2020
    Published: Sep. 29, 2020
    Downloads:
    Views:
    Abstract: Plantain (Musa paradisiaca) is a key crop, relevant to achieve food security and improve the livelihoods of many households in Africa, particularly in West Africa, where it has become a major staple food. But along with its production, farmers are facing a major foliar disease, the Black Sigatoka that limits the productivity. The yield losses incur... Show More