American Journal of Life Sciences

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Evaluation of Epileptic States at the Cocody University Hospital (Côte d'Ivoire): Clinical, Etiological, and Therapeutic Aspects

Received: 22 November 2023    Accepted: 18 December 2023    Published: 8 January 2024
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Abstract

Here is still no precise definition of non-convulsive status epilepticus in the literature. Although it is characterized by a change in the patient's baseline neurological status associated with continuous epileptic activity on the electroencephalogram (EEG), its clinical manifestations are highly variable and may include a more or less profound alteration of consciousness, behavioral changes, sensory, non-convulsive motor, dysautonomic or cognitive manifestations. The aim of this study was to determine the clinical, aetiological and therapeutic aspects of status epilepticus at Cocody University Hospital. A socio-demographic study was carried out to determine the prevalence of status epilepticus according to age, gender and department at Cocody University Hospital. The hospital prevalence of status epilepticus was 1.1%, with emergency medical services and neurology departments accounting for 33.33% and 30.56%, respectively. The most common age group was over 60 years, accounting for 25% of patients. Cranioencephalic CT scans in 58 of 72 patients (53.45%) showed no abnormalities of the brain. However, some patients had recurrent pathologies such as stroke (15.52%), PEIC (13.79%) and encephalitis (10.34%). This study should be extended to other hospitals to shed light on these important issues. The findings of this study will contribute significantly to the existing body of knowledge about non-convulsive status epilepticus and will provide valuable insights into the clinical, etiological, and therapeutic aspects of this condition at Cocody University Hospital.

DOI 10.11648/j.ajls.20241201.11
Published in American Journal of Life Sciences (Volume 12, Issue 1, February 2024)
Page(s) 1-8
Creative Commons

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, provided the original work is properly cited.

Copyright

Copyright © The Author(s), 2024. Published by Science Publishing Group

Keywords

Epileptic Seizures, Therapeutic, Diagnostic Urgency, Hospital-Based Study

References
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Cite This Article
  • APA Style

    Gbalou, L. K., Ouattara, N., Agbo, C. A. S. P., Kangah, A. N. K., Afanvi, H. M., et al. (2024). Evaluation of Epileptic States at the Cocody University Hospital (Côte d'Ivoire): Clinical, Etiological, and Therapeutic Aspects. American Journal of Life Sciences, 12(1), 1-8. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ajls.20241201.11

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    ACS Style

    Gbalou, L. K.; Ouattara, N.; Agbo, C. A. S. P.; Kangah, A. N. K.; Afanvi, H. M., et al. Evaluation of Epileptic States at the Cocody University Hospital (Côte d'Ivoire): Clinical, Etiological, and Therapeutic Aspects. Am. J. Life Sci. 2024, 12(1), 1-8. doi: 10.11648/j.ajls.20241201.11

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    AMA Style

    Gbalou LK, Ouattara N, Agbo CASP, Kangah ANK, Afanvi HM, et al. Evaluation of Epileptic States at the Cocody University Hospital (Côte d'Ivoire): Clinical, Etiological, and Therapeutic Aspects. Am J Life Sci. 2024;12(1):1-8. doi: 10.11648/j.ajls.20241201.11

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  • @article{10.11648/j.ajls.20241201.11,
      author = {Luc Kakou Gbalou and Niemtiah Ouattara and Cédric Achi Ségla Panzo Agbo and Augustin N'da Kouassi Kangah and Hounakey Mawunyo Afanvi and Prisca Joelle Djoman Doubran and Neme Antoine Tako},
      title = {Evaluation of Epileptic States at the Cocody University Hospital (Côte d'Ivoire): Clinical, Etiological, and Therapeutic Aspects},
      journal = {American Journal of Life Sciences},
      volume = {12},
      number = {1},
      pages = {1-8},
      doi = {10.11648/j.ajls.20241201.11},
      url = {https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ajls.20241201.11},
      eprint = {https://article.sciencepublishinggroup.com/pdf/10.11648.j.ajls.20241201.11},
      abstract = {Here is still no precise definition of non-convulsive status epilepticus in the literature. Although it is characterized by a change in the patient's baseline neurological status associated with continuous epileptic activity on the electroencephalogram (EEG), its clinical manifestations are highly variable and may include a more or less profound alteration of consciousness, behavioral changes, sensory, non-convulsive motor, dysautonomic or cognitive manifestations. The aim of this study was to determine the clinical, aetiological and therapeutic aspects of status epilepticus at Cocody University Hospital. A socio-demographic study was carried out to determine the prevalence of status epilepticus according to age, gender and department at Cocody University Hospital. The hospital prevalence of status epilepticus was 1.1%, with emergency medical services and neurology departments accounting for 33.33% and 30.56%, respectively. The most common age group was over 60 years, accounting for 25% of patients. Cranioencephalic CT scans in 58 of 72 patients (53.45%) showed no abnormalities of the brain. However, some patients had recurrent pathologies such as stroke (15.52%), PEIC (13.79%) and encephalitis (10.34%). This study should be extended to other hospitals to shed light on these important issues. The findings of this study will contribute significantly to the existing body of knowledge about non-convulsive status epilepticus and will provide valuable insights into the clinical, etiological, and therapeutic aspects of this condition at Cocody University Hospital.
    },
     year = {2024}
    }
    

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    AU  - Luc Kakou Gbalou
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    AU  - Cédric Achi Ségla Panzo Agbo
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    AU  - Hounakey Mawunyo Afanvi
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    JF  - American Journal of Life Sciences
    JO  - American Journal of Life Sciences
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    PB  - Science Publishing Group
    SN  - 2328-5737
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    AB  - Here is still no precise definition of non-convulsive status epilepticus in the literature. Although it is characterized by a change in the patient's baseline neurological status associated with continuous epileptic activity on the electroencephalogram (EEG), its clinical manifestations are highly variable and may include a more or less profound alteration of consciousness, behavioral changes, sensory, non-convulsive motor, dysautonomic or cognitive manifestations. The aim of this study was to determine the clinical, aetiological and therapeutic aspects of status epilepticus at Cocody University Hospital. A socio-demographic study was carried out to determine the prevalence of status epilepticus according to age, gender and department at Cocody University Hospital. The hospital prevalence of status epilepticus was 1.1%, with emergency medical services and neurology departments accounting for 33.33% and 30.56%, respectively. The most common age group was over 60 years, accounting for 25% of patients. Cranioencephalic CT scans in 58 of 72 patients (53.45%) showed no abnormalities of the brain. However, some patients had recurrent pathologies such as stroke (15.52%), PEIC (13.79%) and encephalitis (10.34%). This study should be extended to other hospitals to shed light on these important issues. The findings of this study will contribute significantly to the existing body of knowledge about non-convulsive status epilepticus and will provide valuable insights into the clinical, etiological, and therapeutic aspects of this condition at Cocody University Hospital.
    
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Author Information
  • Biology and Health Laboratory, Felix Houphouët-Boigny University, Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire

  • Biology and Health Laboratory, Felix Houphouët-Boigny University, Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire

  • Biology and Health Laboratory, Felix Houphouët-Boigny University, Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire

  • Biology and Health Laboratory, Felix Houphouët-Boigny University, Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire

  • Biology and Health Laboratory, Felix Houphouët-Boigny University, Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire

  • Biology and Health Laboratory, Felix Houphouët-Boigny University, Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire

  • Biology and Health Laboratory, Felix Houphouët-Boigny University, Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire

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